In order to grow sweet carrots for your home cooking needs, you need to adhere to a few things:
• Cool temperatures to sustain the carrots plants. In Florida that means they need to be picked before the most intense sun of the summer. Well-drained soil and rainfall is important. On seasons where rainfall is minimal, watering the carrot plants will help them grow well.
• The first step would be to till the ground where you plan to plant them or create a raised bed to grow them. It should be about that you will plant the carrots to about 2 cm deep. If you choose to go the raised bed route, make it 2 feet deep. Loose well draining soil is needed.
• Cover the seeds with soil after planting in the ground, while making sure to give them enough space. Carrots need about 9 inches of space in between each plant.
• As the seeds germinate and the crown appears above the ground, apply mulch that will help in keeping the grounds wet especially during the drier periods of winter. Unless of course you irrigate.
• Thinning of carrots would help in giving a constant supply of the carrots fresh from the farm all year round. However, you have to be careful with this process as the carrot fly is sensitive to the smell of damages carrot leaves thus attacking the plant. This though can be controlled. Thinning the carrots 3 to 5 cm apart depending on the size of the carrot produce ensures quality carrots.
• A good way to help prevent against pests would be to add plants around your garden that encourage good insects like; Dandelion, Dill, Fennel, Marigold or a host of others. When you encounter pests problems use; neem oil, soapy water, citrus water, or even a hot pepper/garlic mix.